Nature is for life

Nature is for life

Witches are no different to other human beings when it comes to the love of mother nature. Nature can be kind as well as cruel but be that as it may we are all connected to the cycle of life and at times nature plays such a wonderful part in our existence on this planet.

Have you ever tramped through the silent arches of the primeval forest and filled your lungs with the rich, resinous perfume of the balsam and the fir? Have you rolled out of your blanket in the morning with nothing between your head and the heavens but the waving branches of some broad-armed giant of the forest, knowing that it was twenty-five or thirty miles to the nearest habitation, and experienced a sense of freedom that could not be described in just a few words.

Autumn is a beautiful time of our seasons as the gaudy-cloaked autumn begins to cast her many-hued mantle over the region of the natural world.

Bryant declares autumn to be ” the saddest season of the year.” However, the countless thousands who go afield for the pleasures of nature would rather see the primeval forest resplendent with the colours of autumn just before she casts aside her summer raiment than at any other time. For the Nature-loving person well knows that the death of the leaf will add to the nourishment of the tree, and thus aid in clothing the dwelling-places of the fur and feather wearers with a richer coat of emerald in the spring.

FROM that remote period when Adam and his companion walked “amongst the trees of the garden,” down to these latter days, men have exhibited their attachment to trees, woods, and forests. Some of the earliest rites of idolatry were performed under the shelter of trees. In all the worships of the world they have been an important adjunct. The sculptures of India, Assyria, and Egypt, represent trees as associated with religious rites; and the aisles of our own splendid cathedrals exhibit semblances of vistas of stately trunks hewn in stone, the branches of which meet in arches overhead.

Religiously, poetically, historically, man is associated with forests, his first home, his first temple; and even now his natural instincts lead him, whenever the cares and business of life permit of relaxation, to seek a ramble in the woods as a welcome relief. To know something of the multitudinous objects with which the woodlands teem is a reasonable desire that accompanies his wanderings, and such a silent companion as he longs for. I just love the forests and feel very attuned to nature while wondering through them.

Forests, which are distributed so universally over the surface of the globe, and are recklessly destroyed in newly colonized countries, without regard to consequences, have essential functions to perform in the economy of nature.

It is only in most recent times that man has awakened to the consciousness, that in the wholesale destruction of forests the entire aspect of a country is changed, equilibrium disturbed, and the advent of desolation threatened. The destruction of forests in the Island of Cyprus, to furnish its celebrated timber to the Romans, Jews, and other nations, has reduced a paradise to a comparative wilderness; and the progress of similar destruction in India aroused the Government to adopt a complete system of forest conservancy to avert the threatened evil.

One cannot fail to observe the influence of forests on the climate of a
Country. By felling the trees which cover the tops and the sides of mountains, men in every climate prepare at once two calamities for future generations. Trees, by the nature of their perspiration, and the radiation from their leaves in a sky without clouds, surround themselves with an atmosphere constantly cold and misty. They affect the copiousness of springs, not, as was long believed, by a peculiar attraction for the vapours diffused through the air, but because, by sheltering the soil from the direct action of the sun, they diminish the evaporation of water produced by rain. When forests are destroyed, as they are everywhere in America by the European planters, with imprudent precipitancy, the springs are entirely dried up, or become less abundant.

The beds of the rivers, remaining dry during a part of the year, are converted into torrents whenever great rains fall on the heights.

As the sward and moss disappear with the brushwood from the sides of the mountains, the waters falling in rain are no longer impeded in their course and instead of slowly augmenting the level of the rivers by progressive filtrations. During heavy showers, the sides of the hills, bearing down the loosened soil, and forming sudden and destructive inundations. Hence it results, that the clearing of forests, the want of permanent springs, and the existence of general water flow, are three phenomena closely connected together. Countries situated in opposite hemispheres, as, for example, Lombardy, bordered by the Alps, and Lower Peru, enclosed between the Pacific and the Cordillera of the Andes, afford striking proofs of the justness of this assertion.”

Not only does the destruction of forests alter the climate, ‘ diminish permanent springs, render inundations common and is the forerunner of scarcity and famine. These are not, by any means, all the disasters which may be traced to this source. Numerous instances are recorded in the Government records in support of the theory that cholera, one of the greatest scourges of the East, increases as trees diminish. The road to Sambalpoor runs for sixty or seventy miles through forest, sometimes very dense; nevertheless, on this route, traversed daily by hundreds of travellers, vehicles, and baggage trains, cholera rarely appears, and when it does appear it is of a mild form.

It may be remarked and has been by many that the temperature of
the trees in a forest, and even in the tops of them, is always lower than the air in the forest. The shade of a single tree, therefore, cools, not only by intercepting the sun’s rays, but also by the effect of gentle fan ning. The shelter of a thick wood, however, is much more agreeable than that of a single tree. The air in a wood is cooler than that of an open space exposed to the sun. The air from outside is drawn into the wood, is cooled by it, and cools us again. And it is not only the air that cools us, but the trees themselves. Observation has shown that the trunks of trees in a wood, breast high, even at the hottest time of the day, are five per cent, cooler than the air.”

This is sufficient for the direct evidence of the influence of trees on climate, water, cultivation, famine, and disease, but there are also collateral aspects which present themselves to the naturalist, to which the economist pays little attention. He sees in the destruction of trees a great disturbance of the equilibrium of animal life; with the absence of woodlands he takes cognizance of the absence of all forms of life which depend upon trees for their existence. He contemplates a depauperized flora and fauna. Whole genera disappear, and sometimes the individuals of certain species increase to an enormous extent, until the artificial conditions, produced by an interference with the harmonies of nature, become merged into a new equilibrium in accordance with the new conditions.

In closing my views on the subject of our natural world I must stress that much is now being done to preserve our woodlands.

Replanting of our woodlands is ever increasing and more mindful are we of the carbon emissions so there is hope for mother nature and future generations to come.


Thought for the day


The extraordinary spiritual growth from birth to the end of physical growth is driven by the instinctual desire to know the infinite unknown.


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